|Official country name:||Hungary|
|Time zone:||CET (UTC+1)|
|Location:||Central Europe, northwest of Romania|
|Structure:||19 counties (megyek, singular – megye), 23 urban counties (singular – megyei varos), and 1 capital city (fovaros)|
|Area:||93,028 sq km|
|Climate:||temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers|
|Population:||9,919,128 (July 2014 est.)|
|Religions:||Roman Catholic 37.2%, Calvinist 11.6%, Lutheran 2.2%, Greek Catholic 1.8%, other 1.9%, none 18.2%, unspecified 27.2% (2011 est.)|
|Languages:||Hungarian 84.6%, other or unspecified 16.4% (2011 est.)|
|Literacy:||99% (2011 est.)|
|Median age:||male: 39.1 years, female: 43.5 years (2014 est.)|
|Life expectancy:||male: 71.73 years, female: 79.41 years (2014 est.)|
|Form of state:||parliamentary democracy|
|Head of state:||Prime Minister Viktor ORBAN (since 29 May 2010)|
|Suffrage:||18 years of age, 16 if married; universal|
|National legislature:||unicameral National Assembly or Orszaggyules|
|Elections:||president elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 2 May 2012 (next to be held by May 2017); prime minister elected by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the president; election last held 29 May 2010|
|Legal system:||civil legal system influenced by the German model|
|Judicical Branch:||highest court(s): Curia or Supreme Judicial Court (consists of Curia president and 8 judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 15 members)|
|judge selection and term of office: Curia president elected from among its members for 9 years by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the president of the republic; other Curia judges appointed by the president upon the recommendation of the National Council of Justice, a separate 15-member administrative body; all judges serve until the normal retirement age; Constitutional Court members elected by two-thirds vote of the National Assembly; members serve 12-year terms|
|subordinate courts: regional courts of appeal; county courts, including the Municipal Court of Budapest; local courts|
|Total GDP:||$196.6 billion (2013 est.)|
|GDP per capita:||$19,800 (2013 est.)|
|Real GDP Growth:||0.2% (2013 est.)|
|GDP Composition by sector:||agriculture: 3.4%, industry: 28%, services: 68.7% (2013 est.)|
|Main trading partners:||Top 5 Export destinations of Hungary: Germany (24%), Romania (6.3%), Austria (5.1%), United Kingdom (5.0%), Italy (5.0%)|
|Top 5 Import origins of Hungary: Germany (30%), Russia (7.5%), Austria (7.3%), France (6.2%), Romania(4.6%)|
|Inflation:||1.9% (2013 est.)|
|Current Account balance:||$1.722 billion (2013 est.)|
|Labour force:||4.263 million (2013 est.)|
|Unemployment:||10.5% (2013 est.)|
|Trade:||Exports: $92.98 billion (2013 est.)|
|Imports: $89.52 billion (2013 est.)|
|No. Of tourists departures:||16,143,000 (2013 est.)|
|Fiscal year:||calendar year|
|Office hours:||Mondays – Fridays – 08:30 – 17:30|
|Government offices:||Mondays – Thursdays – 08:00 – 16:00, Fridays – 08:00 – 13:00|
|Banks:||Mondays – Thursdays – 08:00 – 14:00, Fridays – 08:00 – 13:00|
|Shops:||Mondays – Fridays – 10:00 – 18:00, Saturdays – 09:00 – 13:00|
New Year’s Day
According to tradition, lentil soup eaten on this day makes people wealthy, rolling out strudel dough guarantees long life, eating poultry will make luck “fly away”.
Memorial day of the 1848 Revolution (which aimed the independence of the Hungarian Kingdom from the Austrian Empire). There are usually speeches and music pieces performed; many people wear a cockade with the national colours (red, white and green).
Men visit women to sprinkle them with perfume (or in the countryside, sometimes water), first asking permission by reciting a verse. In return, the women give the men eggs (sometimes painted, sometimes chocolate). Children receive chocolate eggs (sometimes fruits and nuts, chocolate rabbits), from the Easter Bunny; these gifts are sometimes hidden in the garden or house. (Real rabbits are sometimes gifted.) The day’s meal is often ham, eggs, and sweetbreads for dinner.
Labour day; anniversary of the accession to the EU
A munka ünnepe
The countries of the EU are represented with special programs, bridges are decorated and exhibitions are held. Labour Day coincides with May Day (majális); many attend outdoor festivities in public parks.
Sunday, 50 days after Easter
Monday after Pentecost
Saint Stephen’s Day
Hungary’s first king St. Stephen’s Day, also the day of the Foundation of Hungary and “the day of the new bread”. St. Stephen of Hungary (Szent István király in Hungarian) (ca. 975 – 15 August 1038), as the first king of Hungary, led the country into the Christian church and established the institutions of the kingdom and the church.
Celebrated with a half-hour fireworks display on the bank of the Danube in the evening, which is attended by many people on both river banks and is watched by many from the hills on the Buda side of the river.
Memorial day of the 1956 Revolution (which – inter alia – aimed the departure of the Soviet troops from Hungary and free elections). Also the day of the proclamation of the Third Hungarian Republic (1989). Celebrated with speeches and exhibitions.
All Saints Day
Day of remembrance of the dead. Graves in Christian cemeteries are decorated with flowers and candles, by family and friends of the dead.
Public transport stops operating at about 4 pm on the 24th (“Szenteste”) as most families gather to celebrate, placing presents under a Christmas tree which has been decorated while the children are away from the house. Presents are then opened and a large meal eaten in celebration of the event. On 25th and 26th, people usually visit relatives.
Second Day of Christmas
Note: If there is a public holiday either on Tuesday or Thursday then often Monday or Friday respectively is a holiday too. source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_holidays_in_Hungary source: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/hu.html